Ayurveda literally means ‘The Science of Life’ and it represents the oldest multifaceted medical system about the principles of a healthy lifestyle. It’s a holistic healing science comprising of two words ‘Ayu’ and ‘Veda’. Ayu refers to life and Veda refers to knowledge. Ayurveda is a science dealing not only with treatment of some diseases but it’s entirely a way of life.
What does Ayurveda mean?
Ayurveda symbolizes a holistic as well as a simple form of healing approach. It aims to know self and to divulge deeper causes of an individual’s health conditions. It attempts to understand the very core of the problem and determine the primary cause of the ailment, whether it originates in lifestyle, improper diet, hereditary taint, negative thinking or emotional and energetic imbalance. It makes us understand the context of conditions in a broader way which create and affect our physical and mental state. Above all, the practice of Ayurveda appeals to conscious prevention and healthy lifestyles, as it’s always easier to cure an illness in the early stages, instead of allowing it to develop, resulting in damage to the tissues.
Majority of the ailments originate from incorrect diet. Thus, the success of an ayurvedic therapy above all depends on proper diet consumption, and also on our willingness to change some of our current habits as they often trigger our health problems. Proper attitude, strong willpower and determination to tackle our health problems, are the foundation stone of success.
Basic Principles of Ayurveda
Every human being is born with a unique proportion of biologic principles, i.e. doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These represents the individual genetic code taking part in the formation of our mental and physical characteristics. During the course of life, the dosha proportions (vikriti) deviate from its original state (prakriti) for several reasons and subsequently, it has an impact on our mental and physical health condition.
Emotions, thoughts, psychic consciousness, relationships, diet, daily rhythm, lifestyle and our environment, all influence the balance or imbalance of the doshas. These three primary life principles cannot be perceived separately and independently. Their functions are mutually linked and complementary. Knowing the method of operating of each one of these doshas let’s to properly identify their manifestations in combined constitutions, which represent most frequent psychosomatic types.
Other Important Principles
- Dhatus: These are basic tissues which maintain and nourish the body. They are 7 in number, namely – rasa(chyle), mamsa(muscles), raktha(blood), asthi(bone), meda(fatty tissue), sukla(reproductive tissue), majja(marrow). Appropriate amount of each dhatu and their balanced function is extremely important for good health.
- Srotas: These are various types of channels responsible for transportation of dhatus, malas, doshas and food. Srotas need to function properly for transporting different materials to the site of their requirement.
- Mala: These are the waste materials produced as a result of several metabolic activities in the body. They are primarily urine, feaces, sweat, etc. Proper elimination of the malas is equally important for good health. Accumulation of malas causes several diseases in the body.
- Agni: These are different types of enzymes responsible for digestion and transforming one material to another.
All the above factors must function in a proper balance for good health. They are inter-related and are directly or indirectly responsible for maintaining equilibrium of the tridoshas.